C hu r ch O r d e r 41 Pastoral Leadership 48 The service of pastoral leadership was instituted by Christ himself when he made the apostle Peter the shepherd of the first church, asking him, “Do you love me?” and commanding him, “Feed my sheep.” We affirm the shepherd’s task in this sense as a gift of God to the church. 49 Leadership must be based on trust. Such trust has to be earned; no one can demand it as a right by virtue of office. Pastoral leadership does not depend on fixed offices, natural talents, or seminary training, but on God’s grace and the working of the Spirit. Not even the most gifted person has anything to say in the church community if what he represents is himself. A person entrusted with leadership must always let himself be guided by the Holy Spirit. He must remain deeply humble and must honor and respect the body of members. Under no circumstances may he force anything on those around him; he is not placed in this task to control or dominate, but to serve. When Jesus entrusted his church to Peter, he did not give him any rights over the other disciples. Instead he taught: “The rulers of the Gentiles lord it over them, and their great ones are tyrants over them. It will not be so among you; but whoever wishes to be great among you must be your servant, and whoever wishes to be first among you must be your slave; just as the Son of Man came not to be served but to serve, and to give his life a ransom for many.” John 21:15–19 1 Thess 5:12–13; Heb 13:17 1 Cor 9:1–18 Eph 4:7–13; Num 11:24–25 1 Sam 16:14 2 Cor 3:4–6; 4:5 John 14:26; Zech 4:6 Num 12:3 2 Cor 1:24; 1 Thess 2:7–12 1 Pet 5:3; 2 Tim 2:24–26 Matt 20:25–28 nrsv